Successful discontinuation of the placebo arm and provision of an effective HIV prevention product after a positive interim efficacy result: the partners PrEP study experience. Dissemination of research results to study participants and stakeholders and provision of proven effective products in the immediate post-trial period are core elements of the conduct of biomedical HIV prevention clinical trials. Few biomedical HIV prevention trials have demonstrated HIV protection with novel interventions, and thus, communication of positive trial results and provision of an effective product have not been tested in many situations. In July 2011, the independent Data and Safety Monitoring Board of the Partners PrEP Study, a randomized, placebo-controlled efficacy trial of daily oral antiretroviral preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for HIV prevention among 4747 African heterosexual HIV serodiscordant couples, recommended discontinuation of the trial's placebo arm due to demonstration of PrEP efficacy. We describe dissemination of results, discontinuation of the placebo arm, and provision of active PrEP to participants' formerly assigned placebo.
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