Plasmodium falciparum Infection is Associated with Epstein-Barr Virus Reactivation in Pregnant Women Living in Malaria Holoendemic Area of Western Kenya. The role of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) transmission among infants early in life remain elusive. We hypothesized that infection with malaria during pregnancy could cause EBV reactivation leading to high EBV load in circulation, which could subsequently enhance early age of EBV infection. Pregnant women in Kisumu, where P. falciparum malaria is holoendemic, were actively followed monthly through antenatal visits (up to 4 per mother) and delivery. Using real-time quantitative (Q)-PCR, we quantified and compared EBV and P. falciparum DNA levels in the blood of pregnant women with and without P. falciparum malaria.
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