Current treatment and outcome for childhood acute leukemia in Tanzania. In order to understand the disparity in childhood leukemia survival in low-income countries (LICs) compared to high-income countries (HICs), we evaluated the resources available at Tanzania's national pediatric oncology ward, and clinical characteristics, disease course and outcomes of children diagnosed with acute leukemia from 2008 through 2010. A chart review and assessment of services was performed to assess childhood leukemia diagnoses, treatment, and outcomes in Tanzania at the Ocean Road Cancer Institute (ORCI) from January 1, 2008 to December 31, 2010. Results were compared to those from a 2005 evaluation that showed only one of 20 children with leukemia surviving at 1 year.
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