Access to harm reduction programs among persons who inject drugs: Findings from a respondent-driven sampling survey in Tehran, Iran. Over the past two decades, drug injection-related risk behaviors have been the major drivers of the HIV epidemic in Iran. This study assesses the access of people who injected drugs (PWID) to harm reduction services (needle-exchange programs [NEP] and methadone maintenance treatment [MMT]) in Tehran, Iran in 2007, almost five years after the large-scale implementation of these programs. 572 consenting PWID (>18 years old, ever injected in the past month, lived in Tehran or its suburbs) were recruited (24 seeds) into a sero-behavioral survey using respondent-driven sampling method. Participants completed a face-to-face interview about HIV-related risk behaviors and access to harm reduction services. We calculated adjusted population estimates using RDSAT.
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