Smoking cessation interventions with female smokers living with HIV/AIDS: a randomized pilot study of motivational interviewing. Smoking among people living with HIV, particularly women living with HIV, is associated with higher morbidity and mortality rates when compared to nonsmoking individuals with HIV. Despite patients' higher risk of adverse health outcomes, in particular preventable smoking-related diseases for smokers living with HIV, few smoking cessation interventions have been examined with this population. The aim of this study was to test the potential efficacy of a brief motivational intervention for smoking cessation with HIV-infected women smokers. Participants were randomly assigned to receive a single session of motivational interviewing or prescribed advice. The results of this pilot study indicate that motivational interviewing may be an effective smoking cessation intervention for HIV-positive women smokers and should be studied further in a larger clinical trial.
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