Impact of expanded antiretroviral use on incidence and prevalence of tuberculosis in children with HIV in Kenya. Antiretroviral therapy (ART) reduces pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected children. Recent ART recommendations have increased the number of children on ART. To determine the prevalence and incidence of TB in HIV-infected children after the implementation of expanded ART guidelines. A prospective cohort study including 689 HIV-infected children aged 6 weeks to 14 years was conducted in Kenya.
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